Melanin is a pigment that gives the skin its color. A lighter skin tone is achieved by having less melanin, whereas a darker skin tone is achieved by having more melanin. the skin of your lips is thinner than that of other body parts, making it highly sensitive. Hyperpigmentation can occur when the skin produces more melanin than usual. Tobacco usage, stress, medication, and medical conditions can all cause the darkening of the lips.
Causes of Dark Lips
Nicotine causes blood vessels to constrict, limiting blood flow and depriving the skin of the oxygen and nutrients it requires to stay healthy and supple. This is one of the most common reasons for dark lips. It can also be characteristic of a smoker’s melanosis. Reduced blood flow, as well as tar and nicotine exposure, can darken the melanin in your lips and gums, resulting in uneven pigmentation.
Biting or licking the lips
Your lips are delicate and experience a lot of wear and tear on their own. Lip licking, biting, and pushing can exacerbate the problem and lead to hyperpigmented lips. Lip licking is also one of the leading causes of dry and chapped lips.
Staying hydrated is beneficial to your health, but lips are especially vulnerable to dehydration since they are thin layers of skin that cannot manufacture their own moisture. People may not realize they are slightly dehydrated, so drinking water throughout the day is a brilliant idea. Water plays a vital role in keeping your lips and body hydrated. Due to lack of hydration, discoloration of lips is also possible. It’s important to moisturize your lips all the time to avoid dryness, itching, and chapped lips.
The body produces melanin to absorb UV rays when the skin is exposed to the sun. This guard against some of the harm that sunshine can do to the skin. Without any sunscreen, it can stimulate an overproduction of melanin. Additionally, it makes the skin brown. Along with other parts of the body, it’s crucial to put sun protection on your lips. Lip balms can shield the lips from UV damage if they have a sun protection factor of 30 or above.
Smoking tobacco can increase the formation of melanin in the skin thanks to nicotine and benzpyrene. The lips may turn darker as a result of this. This may develop gradually over time. Numerous other harmful effects of smoking on health exist. The National Cancer Institute has a specific website with information and suggestions for smokers who want to give up.
One of the most important causes of dark lips is vitamin B12 deficiency. You will get dark spots or patchy dark lips when you lack vitamin B12. Vitamin B 12 foods are mostly food in animal meat like eggs, chicken, fish, mushrooms, and fortified cereals. Or you may require an injection.
Remedies to get rid of dark lips
There are some home remedies that may work. Exfoliate your lips with some homemade scrubs, like sugar and lemon, sugar and honey, or strawberry mask. You can gently massage with some easily available things like:
Massage your lips gently and regularly with these above-mentioned natural ingredients easily available at home. You will get noticeable results after some days. In some cases, it may take months to get rid of it. Although natural remedies are helpful, it is advisable to talk to a dermatologist in severe cases. If you are experiencing itching, inflammation, flaking, and growing hyperpigmentation, then consult a doctor to avoid any severe medical problems.