Home Ayurveda Herbal Medicine Medicinal benefits of Spice plant: Black Pepper

Medicinal benefits of Spice plant: Black Pepper

Green seeds of Black pepper
Green seeds of Black pepper
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Spices are the major part of our civilization. Seems to be very simple but are highly beneficial for a smooth running life. Not only for taste purpose, but these spices accompanies with certain benefits and uses which are usable in day-to-day lives.

Ripe seeds of black pepper
Seeds of Black pepper

There are many spices with their own functions and importance; but some are there which are categorized in prime state as without them not only our food but our lives also turns tasteless. Those major used spices are-

  • Turmeric
  • Cumin
  • Black Pepper
  • Coriander
  • Chilli

Here we will be talking about one of these only. It is called ‘Black pepper’. It is a flowering vine cultivated for its fruit which is usually used as a spice and for seasoning.

Raw green seeds of Black pepper
Raw seeds of Black pepper


The Black Pepper is a creeper that has leaves similar to those of betel. Tendrils come out of the knots in its stem that catch on to any stem or branch and spread where ever it can. It also grows in wild in some forests. It is also planted in hot or wet regions of South India.

Climbing creepers of Black pepper
Climbers of Black pepper

Peppercorns are the small seeds which gets lately developed as the matured Black Pepper. Green pepper is the unripe fruit whereas the White peppers are ripe fruit seeds of it. Generally it yields two crops in a year; first in August-September and the second in March-April. The half-ripe fruits becomes black pepper; fully ripe ones are soaked in water and when the skin is removed by rubbing with hands it becomes white pepper.

Appearance of Black pepper plant:-

It is a bushy creeper spreading on the ground or climbing on the trees. It bears leaves which are 5-6 inch tall and 2-5 inch wide. It bears small purple-white flowers. The whole creeper is bottle green in colour and resembles pure forest.

Tiny flower of Black pepper
Flower of Black pepper


Black Pepper belongs to kingdom Plantae and ‘Piperaceae’ family. Its binomial name is “Piper nigrum”. In Hindi, its is called Kali Mirch whereas in Sanskrit it is also called Marich, Yavaneshtam, Shirovrittum and so on.

Nutrients in Black pepper:-

Peppercorns of different colours
Peppercorns of different colours

As we all know, all the spices are aromatic in nature and enriched with numerous nutritive elements in it. Following we will know the nutrition of Black pepper-

  • It contains alkaloids like piperin, piperidin and chavicine.
  • Volatile oil
  • Dietary fibre
  • Manganese
  • Fat
  • Proteins
  • Carbohydrates
  • Riboflavin
  • Nicotinic acid
  • Iron
  • Phosphorus
  • Thiamine
  • Calcium etc

Medicinal Benefits of Black Pepper:-

Transparent oil of Black pepper
Black pepper oil

Now, lets move towards the healing benefits of Black Pepper. It’s a common thing that spices are also meant for its healing properties. So have a look on these-

1. For Eye problems:-

  • For night blindness, grind black pepper with curd and use this as eyeliner. It cures night blindness
  • Give black pepper with ghee and sugar every morning. It keeps the mind cool and also improves the eyesight.
  • Take 1/2 to 1 gm black pepper, 1 teaspoon ghee and sugar as per taste. Give this after milk
  • In case of boils on eyelids, grind black pepper in water and apply the paste on the boils. It heals the boils.
  • Give 1/2 gm black pepper with 1 teaspoon of pure ghee. It cures all types of eye disorders.

2. For Toothache:-

  • Take 1-2 gm black pepper with 3-4 leaves of jambol or guava or poppy.
  • Cook these so that the water gets half.
  • Use this for gargle.
  • In addition with toothache, it also cures throat disorder.

3. For Cholera:-

  • Mix 1 part of chilli, 1 part of roasted asafoetida, 2 parts of black pepper and 2 parts of pure camphor to it.
  • Prepare tablets of 250 mg each.
  • Give 1 tablet at an interval of half an hour.
  • If given in early stages of cholera, it cures the problem completely.
  • Mix 1 gm black pepper and 1 gm roasted asafoetida and add 3 gm opium in it.
  • Mix it well with honey and prepare 12 tablets.
  • Give 1 tablet at an interval of 1 hour.
  • Do not continue this for long time; it can even cause dysentery.

4. For Facial paralysis:-

Powdered Black pepper
Powder of Black pepper
  • In case of stiffness in tongue, apply the powder of black pepper on the tongue.
  • Mix the black pepper powder in any pain relieving oil and massage it on the affected part.

5. For Fever:-

  • In case of normal fever, boil its 1-3 gm powder with 20 gm sugar in 1/2 litre water till water is reduced to 1/8th.
  • Give this to the patient thrice a day.
  • In case of high fever, grind 5 black pepper, 1 gm Ajowan and 10 gm green tinospora in 250 ml of water.
  • Strain the solution and give this to the patient with honey.
  • It cures fever due to indigestion and also cures swelling of stomach.

6. For Respiratory disorders:-

In case of cough, bronchitis and bronchial asthma-

  • Mix 2-3 gm black pepper powder with honey and ghee.
  • Give this to the patient twice a day.
  • It helps to release phlegm from lungs.
  • Cook black pepper powder with cow’s milk and give this to the patient.
  • It is beneficial in bronchitis and asthma.
  • In case of severe and difficult cough; take 2 part black pepper powder, 2 part peepal powder, 4 part bark of pomegranate.
  • Grind them and form fine powder.
  • Mix 8 parts jaggery and prepare tablets of 1 gm each.
  • Give 1-1 tablet thrice a day.
  • In case of throat disorder, 2-3 black pepper must be sucked. It gives immediate relief.

7. For Gout and Paralysis:-

  • Massage with the medicated oil of Black pepper.
  • It is highly beneficial in curing gout, arthritis, paralysis and itching.

8. For lice:-

  • Mix powder of 10-12 seeds of custard apple and 5-6 black pepper in mustard oil.
  • Apply this oil in the roots of hair at night before going to bed.
  • Next morning, wash and clean the head. It kills the lice in head.
  • In case of hair fall due to dandruff, grind black pepper with onion and salt.
  • Apply this on head; it cures hair fall due to dandruff.

9. For Chronic rhinitis:-

  • Give 2 gm powder of black powder with warm milk and sugar.
  • Or give 7 black peppers to be swallowed.
  • Mix 50 gm curd, 15-20 gm jaggery and 1 gm black pepper powder.
  • Give this mixture 3-4 times a day. It cures cold.

10. For Hysteria:-

  • On empty stomach, give sour curd with 1 gm black powder in it.
  • Give this thrice a day. It cures Hysteria.

11. For Hair Revitalization:-

  • Mix a teaspoon of black pepper and lemon seeds.
  • Grind it with water apply to your scalp and hair.
  • After 15 minutes rinse with lukewarm water.
  • It will leave your hairs lustrous, shiny, soft and healthy.

12. For dental health:-

  1. Mix a teaspoon of black pepper powder with 1 teaspoon of salt and 1/2 teaspoon of mustard oil.
  2. You can also rub your tooth with black pepper oil with lemon drops mixed with it.
  3. Use it as a tooth powder and rub your tooth and gums with this in a gentle manner.
  4. It removes plaque and also prevents tooth decay.

In this way we saw numerous benefits of Black pepper. There are many more advantages of these small granules types spices. So, go green and live well!



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