Vitamin B12, commonly known as cobalamin, aids in the conversion of carbohydrates into glucose, which allows the body to manufacture energy. B vitamins are water-soluble, which means they don’t become stored in the body. As a result, they must be replaced on a regular basis through absorption from food. Vitamin B12 is a nutrient that aids in the creation of healthy red blood cells, helps the body build DNA, and nourishes the brain and neurological system. The nutrient can be synthesized in a lab and is found naturally in meat, fish, and dairy products.
Some persons are deficient in a protein that aids in the absorption of vitamin B12 from foods and supplements. B12 deficiency can put your health at risk.
Vitamin B12 also aids in the proper functioning of the nervous system. It improves iron function by collaborating with vitamin B9 (folate). The stomach’s hydrochloric acid separates vitamin B12 from protein in the diet. Vitamin B12 is subsequently absorbed by the body and mixed with intrinsic factors, a protein produced by the stomach.
Pernicious anemia is caused by a person’s inability to produce intrinsic factors spontaneously. This implies individuals have trouble absorbing vitamin B12 from all sources, including dietary supplements and foods.
The stomach’s hydrochloric acid separates vitamin B12 from protein in the diet. Vitamin B12 is subsequently absorbed by the body and mixed with intrinsic factors, a protein produced by the stomach. Pernicious anemia is caused by a person’s inability to produce intrinsic factors spontaneously. This implies individuals have trouble absorbing vitamin B12 from all sources, including dietary supplements and foods.
Vitamin B12 deficiency and causes:
- Difficulty maintaining balance
- Intestinal problems
- Mood disturbances
- Muscle weakness
- Numbness and tingling in the hands and feet
- Poor memory
- Soreness of the mouth or tongue
Vitamin B12 has a number of health benefits.
B12 is required for the development of red blood cells and the proper functioning of the nervous system. As a result, it can improve general health in a variety of ways, like follows:
Assists in the formation of red blood cells
Our red blood cells transport oxygen from our lungs to all of our body’s tissues. Carbon dioxide, a harmful by-product of cell action, is also carried by them.
Helps to improve skin quality
Vitamin B12 is well-known for its beneficial effects on the skin, hair, and nails. Discolored spots, skin hyperpigmentation, vitiligo, and impaired hair development are all symptoms of vitamin deficiency. Vitamin B12 lowers homocysteine levels in the blood, according to studies. This amino acid has been linked to a rise in heart disease.
Pregnancy health care
A woman’s child is at risk of neural tube birth abnormalities and low birth weight if she has a vitamin B12 deficit in the early stages of pregnancy. Low B12 levels in mothers make them more prone to miscarriage or deliver birth prematurely.
Vitamin B12 deficiency increases the risk of having a kid with birth abnormalities by three times.
Affects mental health
Vitamin B12 is required for the proper functioning of the brain’s neurons. Memory loss and dementia are linked to brain atrophy, which refers to the loss of neurons in the brain. Although the amount of its impact is still being debated, research has demonstrated a link between vitamin B12 insufficiency and neuropsychiatric symptoms. Depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder and mood fluctuations are among them. Older persons with early-stage dementia who were given vitamin B12 supplements to decrease their blood homocysteine levels showed a slower pace of cognitive and clinical decline in one randomized experiment.
To increase the amount of vitamin B12 in your diet, eat more of foods that contain it, such as:
- Beef, liver, and chicken.
- Fish and shellfish such as trout, salmon, tuna fish
- Fortified breakfast cereal.
- Low-fat milk, yogurt, and cheese.