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Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are very common infections in the conditions of changing weather, which causes infection of sinuses, throat and lungs. The infections of respiratory tract can be caused mostly by viruses, but sometimes by bacteria and fungus too.
Types of Respiratory tract infections
Upper respiratory tract infections:
The upper respiratory tract infections affects the nasal passages, sinuses, pharynx, and larynx. URTI can occur any time, but mostly in winters. This infection is generally caused by the virus or bacteria, through direct invasion of the mucosa or mucus membrane by these microorganisms.
The majority of IRTIs are caused by viruses. Some examples are pharyngitis; uvula and tonsils, epiglottitis; inflammation of the epiglottis, laryngitis; inflammation of the larynx, rhinitis; in which the inflammation of the nasal cavity is observed, sinus; leads to the inflammation of the sinuses, nasopharyngitis or common cold; inflammation of the pharynx, hypopharynx, uvula, nares and tonsils, laryngotracheitis; inflammation of the larynx and tracheitis; tracheal inflammation.
- Runny nose or nasal discharge
- Sore throat
- Breathing difficulty
Lower respiratory tract infections:
LRTI affects the airways and lungs of the body. LRTI is inflammation of the airways or pulmonary tissue, which comes into existence due to viral or bacterial infection. The pulmonary inflammation can be caused by smoke and chemical inhalation.
It represents the range of signs and symptoms. It is really tough to distinguish it from upper respiratory tract infections. If the problem of pneumonia is very tough to differentiate from lower respiratory tract infections, which is non-pneumonic infection and for differentiation of these two, radiology technique is needed.
- Infection in large airways or bronchi, can also be known as bronchitis
- In children the infection in trachea or windpipe, called as crouping
- Bronchiolitis is the infection of the small airways or bronchioles
- The infection of the upper and lower respiratory tract which is capable of infecting mainly nose, throat and sometimes bronchi and lungs also. This condition is also known as an influenza.
- The infection can occur in alveoli or surrounding tissues of lungs, it is known as pneumonia
Causes of RTI:
There are various causative factors responsible for the RTIs. It can be transmitted to the group of people through sneezing and coughing of the RTIs infected person. This happens because of the presence of cold virus in the tiny droplets of fluid. The passage of infection from one person to other can occur through indirect contact, like, if the person infected with cold touches his nose or eyes and then touches an object, the virus can be passed to anyone who will touch that surface. Prevention is better than cure, so proper hygiene and avoid the circumstances of RTIs.
In Ayurveda the diagnoses of respiratory diseases based upon the imbalance caused due to respiratory distress, but not according to the infection caused by microorganisms. According to Ayurveda the mechanism of respiratory tract infections is based upon the three doshas vata, pitta and kapha. The causative factors for RTI are vata vitiating diet and lifestyle. In diet the presence of guru (heavy diet), roksh (dry), sheetal (cool) and vidahi (cause burn), and in lifestyle the involvement of dust, over exercises and cool place stay, can be the major causative factors for RTI. Vitiated vata body energy interacts with the body’s phlegm energy and blocks the respiratory, digestive and water channels in the body. As a result, numerous respiratory problems appear.
What planet Ayurveda has to offer in respiratory health problems?
From the house of Planet Ayurveda, there are wonderful herbal products which are made from pure extracts of herbs and can be taken without any fear of side effects. There are not added chemicals and preservatives and are pure naturals. Few of them to mention are–
- Pranrakshak Churna
- Septrin Tablets
- Aller G Care Capsules
- Curcumin Capsules
- Immune Magic Capsules
- Tulsi Capsules
- Giloy Capsules
Capsules can be taken 1-2 twice daily, tablets 2, twice and powder 1 tsp twice with water or honey after meal
Consult Dr. Vikram Chauhan and Dr. Meenakshi Chauhan for more information at [email protected].