12 Health benefits of Bitter Gourd

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Fruits and Vegetables are consumed by every human being. These help to quench our hunger and also provides certain vitamins and minerals to our body. Vegetables are important protective food and highly beneficial for the maintenance of health and prevention of disease. Here, we will be talking about a green vegetable which tastes bitter but is highly beneficial for health. Yes, we will talk about the health benefits of Bitter Gourd.

The appearance of Bitter Gourd

Indian Bitter Gourd for health
Indian Bitter Gourd for health
As the name says, bitter gourd has a bitter and sharp pungent taste. It has ugly-looking gourd-bumps all over it. It is not so attractive but a complete package of benefits. This is a green vegetable that grows on vine-tendril. And it is a flowering plant. When the fruit gets fully ripe and yellow-green in colour. it bears bright red pulps that are used for the cultivation of the plant. Generally, it is grown all over India. It has a soft and hairy stem. The plant bears leaves which are 1.5 inches broad, round with deep serrated corners and divided into 5-7 sections.
It bears flowers which are yellow and shiny. The fruits i.e., Bitter gourd is triangular oval in shape, with triangular eruptions which give them rough surface. When it gets ripe, it turns into yellow.

Nomenclature of Bitter Gourd

English name– Bitter Gourd
Hindi name– Karela
Sanskrit name– Karvellak, karvelli, Katphala
Gujrati name– Karelo, Kadhwa
Kingdom– Planate
Family name– Cucurbitaceae
Botanical name– Momordica charantia

Nutrients in Bitter gourd

Now, we shall be talking about the nutritional elements present in Bitter gourd-
  • Dietary fibres
  • Vitamin A, B-Complex, B1, B2, B3, C, K
  • Calcium
  • Phosphorus
  • Iron
  • Magnesium
  • Zinc
  • Copper
  • Folate

Uses of Bitter Gourd

Juice of Bitter gourd
Juice of Bitter gourd

Being multi-purpose in nature, bitter gourd is used in multiple ways. Some of them are listed below-

  • Bitter gourd is used to prepare one of the tasty dry/curry item called “Bharwan karela” or “Stuffed bitter gourd”.
  • Bitter gourd is used to prepare fried curry; which tastes very simpler and can be easily eaten with rice as a lunch item.
  • It is used to prepare one of the detoxifying drink called; Bitter gourd juice. It tastes very bitter but is extremely good.
  • The young shoots and leaves are also eaten as a salad and used as the greens.
  • You can use it in soups and herbal tea.
  • You can cook it as a curry with yoghurt to balance its bitterness.

Now, we shall be proceeding to the Health benefits of bitter gourd. Here, we will be talking 12 benefits which are extremely reliable and good for health.

12 Health benefits of Bitter gourd

1. Good for headache

  • Take 10-12 ml juice of Bitter gourd leaves.
  • Mix it with cow’s ghee.
  • Now, apply this paste on the forehead.
  • It cures a headache.

2. Treats Eye disorders

  • Bitter gourd is extremely beneficial in the case of night blindness and haziness.
  • Take a rusting iron vessel and rub the juice of its leaves and black pepper in it.
  • Collect the solution and apply it as eyeliner in the ways.
  • Also, apply it around the eyes, it treats many types of eye disorders too.

3. Helpful in case of Vomiting

  • Extract the juice of its leaves.
  • Give 10-12 gm of the juice with a little amount of vinegar and rock salt mixed in it.
  • It cures Vomiting and purgation related disorders.

4. Enhances Galactagogue

  • Boil 20 gm of its leaves.
  • Strain the solution and give it to the lactating woman.
  • It increases the production of milk and also purifies the blood.

5. Treats Arthritis

  • Give 10-15 ml of Bitter gourd juice to the patient regularly.
  • Or, give its fruits with mustard seeds and salt mixed in it.
  • It is very beneficial in curing Arthritis.

6. Good for Diabetes

  • Give 10-12 gm juice of its fresh fruits regularly.
  • In the diet of a diabetic patient, include cooked bitter gourd. It is extremely helpful.
  • Give 3-6 gm of its powder with water or honey.
  • It helps to activate the pancreatic cells and enhances the production of insulin.

7. Treats Jaundice

  • Take 10-15 ml of juice of its leaves.
  • Mix it with powdered black myrobalan.
  • It is beneficial in curing Jaundice.

8. Useful in Paediatric Nausea

  • Take 6 gm juice of Bitter gourd leaves.
  • Mix a little amount of turmeric in it.
  • It causes vomiting thus resulting in the cleansing of the stomach.

9. Cure for Intestinal worms

  • Extract the juice from 10-12 Bitter gourd leaves.
  • Give it to the patient.
  • It should be given daily; once a day. ‘
  • It kills the worms in intestines.

10. Treats Skin disorders

  • Take the whole plant, cinnamon, black pepper and oil of wild almonds.
  • Grind all these together and apply on the affected area.
  • It cures itching and such related skin disorders.
  • A paste of its root is helpful in curing small boils, acne and eruptions.

11. Helpful in Paediatric Pneumonia

  • Extract the juice of bitter gourd and slightly warm it.
  • Give 10-12 ml of the juice with a little amount of pure saffron.
  • Give this dosage thrice a day.

12. Treats Fever due to cold

  • In the case of seasonal fever or fever due to cold.
  • Give 10-15 ml of Bitter gourd juice with a little amount of cumin powder in it.
  • Give this to the patient thrice a day.
These were some of the benefits of bitter gourd. Most of us hesitate to eat this because of its bitterness. But guys don’t go on taste. Having bitter gourd in your diet is like a step to enhance your overall health. Eating healthy is living healthy. So friends, have a proper and healthy diet and live prosperously.


  1. Avatar of Inaytun Ibrahim vahora Inaytun Ibrahim Vahora October 17, 2015
  2. sambhu charan sannyasi November 10, 2015
  3. jack sunny April 7, 2016

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