Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension (IIH): Overview
Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension (IIH) is a rare disorder which is marked by chronically elevated intracranial pressure (ICP). In this disorder, the pressure inside the skull (that is, the pressure of cerebrospinal fluid which surrounds the brain) increases alarmingly, without any noticeable reason.
Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension is majorly associated with chronically elevated intracranial pressure, with the most significant neurologic manifestation of the disorder being Papilledema (swelling of the optic disc, that is, the spot of the entry of the optic nerve into the eyeball) which can cause secondary progressive optic atrophy, visual loss, and possible blindness.
The Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension disorder is also known by some other names, such as Benign Intracranial Hypertension (BIH) and pseudotumor cerebri. However, Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension is the most commonly used name for describing the disorder. The condition typically occurs without any detectable cause, although it can seemingly be caused by certain conditions which may include: the use of some specific drugs like tetracycline, brain tumor, a blood clot in the brain, or excessive intake of vitamin A.
The risk factors for the potential occurrence of Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension include obesity (being overweight) or a recent weight gain. With the word ‘Idiopathic’ signifying the unidentified etiology of raised pressure, the Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension disorder mostly affects obese/overweight women in their reproductive years.
Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension can occur at any age between 25 and 45 years, though the average age for the occurrence of this disorder is 30 years.
Symptoms of Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension
Some common, non-specific symptoms of Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension include nausea, dizziness, vomiting, ringing in the ears in time with the heartbeat, brief/sporadic incidents of blindness, shoulder pain, photopsias, and retrobulbar pain. However, more specifically, the symptoms of this disorder are characteristically linked to elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) and Papilledema.
The symptoms Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension related to elevated ICP generally include:
- Non-specific headaches which vary in location, type, and frequency
- Loss of vision (typically visual field, but hardly ever visual acuity loss)
- Diplopia (typically horizontal because of nonlocalizing sixth nerve palsy)
- Radicular pain (normally in the arms)
- Pulsatile tinnitus.
The symptoms Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension associated with Papilledema include some characteristic visual signs which usually include:
- Transient visual obscurations (chiefly or homogeneously orthostatic)
- Progressive loss of peripheral vision, either in one eye or in both eyes
- Blurry vision
- Distortion of central vision caused by optic neuropathy or macular edema
- Sudden loss of vision (for example, fulminant IIH).
Treatment of Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension
The main objective behind the treatment methods for the effective management of Intracranial Hypertension is to ensure that the optic nerve function is preserved and the elevated intracranial pressure is controlled. For this purpose, doctors generally advise the use of certain medications which mainly include Acetazolamide and other diuretics (for reducing the production of spinal fluid), along with Primary headache prophylaxis. However, in some cases, doctors may also recommend the use of Corticosteroids or may suggest a surgical procedure for relieving the pressure.
To manage Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension in a safe and natural manner, renowned herbal manufacturing company Planet Ayurveda offers some extremely beneficial herbal products. These herbal products, prepared under the guidance of expert Ayurvedic practitioners, include:
1. Stress Support capsules
These capsules are prepared from a combination of some extremely powerful herbs which have immense medicinal value because of their proven anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-tumor, anti-stress, immunomodulatory, and rejuvenating properties. The herbs used for preparing Stress Support capsules include: Ashwagandha (Withania Somnifera),Brahmi (Bacopa Monnieri),Tagar (Valeriana Wallichii),and Jatamansi (Nardostachys jatamansi).
The use of Stress Support capsules is very beneficial in relieving stress, managing anxiety, boosting mental and physical strength, calming the nervous system, improving memory and concentration, increasing retention power, treating depression, managing blood pressure, and controlling negative thoughts.
Dosage of Stress Support capsules for managing Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension: 2 capsules with plain water, twice a day, after meals.
2. Memory Support capsules
For preparing these capsules, a few potent herbs are used, which have the ability to enhance memory and concentration, and balance the Vata, Pitta and Kapha doshas of the body. The herbal components of Memory Support capsules include: Shankhpushpi (Convolvulus Pluricaulis), Licorice (Glycerrhiza Glabra), Brahmi (Bacoppa monnieri), and Vacha (Acorus calamus).
The use of Memory Support capsules is beneficial in managing Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension because these capsules can relieve mental stress, improves mental capability, maintain blood pressure levels, boost memory, provide mental and physical strength to the body, treat mind disorders, improve speech coordination, improve intellect, and control anxiety.
Dosage of Memory Support capsules for managing Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension: 2 capsules, two times a day, with plain water, after meals.
3. Ashwagandha capsules
The standardized extract of the ‘Ashwagandha’ herb (Withania Somnifera) are used for preparing these capsules. The herb is widely used in several Ayurvedic formulations because of its proven medicinal properties and its ability to enhance physical strength and provide support in relieving stress.
These capsules can boost mental capabilities, improve physical stamina, manage stress and anxiety, treat fatigue, strengthen the muscles, manage nervous disorders, treat arthritic inflammation, improve memory, treat diabetes and cancer, manage gynaecological and respiratory disorders, and improve the physical well-being of growing children as well as elderly people.
Dosage of Ashwagandha capsules for managing Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension: 2 capsules two times a day, with plain water, after meals.
4. Brahmi capsules
For the preparation of these capsules, standardized extract of ‘Brahmi’ herb (Bacopa monneiri) are used. The herb is widely known for its antioxidant, anti-stress and rejuvenating properties, and its proven ability to balance the body’s Vata, Pitta and Kapha doshas.
People suffering from Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension can benefit from the use of Brahmi capsules because these capsules can improve memory and intellect, control blood pressure, manage anxiety and stress, support the nervous system, treat insomnia and forgetfulness, relax the brain tissues, and manage hysteria and nervous breakdowns.
Dosage of Brahmi capsules for managing Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension: 1 capsule twice a day, with plain water, after meals.
Conclusion: Planet Ayurveda’s herbal products for effectively managing Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension are prepared from 100% pure and natural herbs. These products are free from chemicals, preservatives, fillers, starch, yeast, added colours, or binders.