Foods to Avoid With Ulcerative Colitis – Best Diet Chart

Ulcerative Colitis is an autoimmune condition that causes inflammation of large intestine and rectum. It forms ulcers or sores on the inner lining of the large intestines. Diet and Exercise always play a key role in treatment of any kind of disorder. A diet that includes variety give proper nutrition and enough calories is the best for treatment of Ulcerative Colitis.

Ulcerative Colitis is a chronic disease that tends to increase the energy needs of the body and reduce the appetite at the same time, so it is very important to take a well balanced diet especially the foods that help in reducing inflammation. Ulcerative Colitis patients have symptoms like diarrhea and bleeding that often lead to dehydration, electrolyte imbalance and loss of nutrients. The meals should be frequent and small for proper absorption of nutrients and one needs to limit dairy products and gassy foods. Increase the intake of water is always recommended.

Best Diet Chart for Ulcerative Colitis

Ulcerative Colitis patients are recommended a diet based on their symptoms. It is a type of inflammatory bowel disease that can be easily improved by dietary changes. The best options are listed below:

  • A diet high in calories but low in fats is needed to prevent problems like malnutrition . Ulcerative Colitis patients undergo unintentional weight loss so they are recommended to compensate loss of nutrients by taking a high calorie diet. The patients face problems with fat absorption and eating fatty foods trigger the symptoms , so a lot fat diet is advised to the patients.
  • People with ulcerative colitis often have lactose intolerance and gluten intolerance. They are advised to opt for lactose free diet and gluten free diet.
  • A diet low in fiber and salt is recommended for Ulcerative Colitis patients. This helps in lowering the water retention in the patients. A low fiber /residue diet helps in reducing the frequency of bowel movements and abdominal cramps. A low fiber diet includes foods that are easy to digest and helps in slowing the bowel movement and limit diarrhea.
  • The best foods to include in diet are unsweetened applesauce, squash, avocados, oatmeal, eggs, salmon, peanut butter, some fermented foods like yogurts, soy based proteins, lean meats and poultry.
  • Fruit juices with no pulp are advised. Fruits that are considered good to be taken include ripe bananas, melon, cantaloupe, water melon, pomegranate juice, apple and apricots.
  • Vegetables that do not flare up the symptoms of UC include cucumbers, zucchini, cooked spinach, pumpkin, raw lettuce, carrots, potatoes, seedless yellow squash, and green beans.
  • Well-cooked plain white rice or white rice is good for UC patients. Purred vegetable soups or cooked vegetable without skin or seeds is recommended.  Oils like olive oil and coconut oil can be taken.
  • Namkeen well-cooked daliya, poha (simple/without nuts), upma with allowed boiled vegetables can be given.

Foods to be avoided for Ulcerative Colits

Some foods are known to trigger the Ulcerative Colitis symptoms. These foods should be limited or completely avoided. These include

Whole grain foods.

  • High fiber foods like broccoli, brussel sprouts, cabbage, and celery should be strictly avoided.

Nuts,seeds and popcorns:

  • Nuts have fiber that is hard for UC patients to digest. They should be avoided . These include walnuts, hazelnuts, pecans, cashews, almonds, peanuts, pistachios etc. Seeds like sesame seeds, flax seeds, millet, pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds, pine nuts etc all cause bloating and gas and should be avoided by UC patients.

Dried beans,peas and Legumes:

  • These are high in fiber and can increase the bowel movement, abdominal cramping, and gas so they should be taken by the UC patients in small quantities . One may puree them into hummus or remove the outer covering of chickpeas in order to lower the fiber content.

Caffeine:

  • Coffee ,Tea , chocolate and some other energy drinks tend to dehydrate and increase frequency to urinate. The caffeine in them stimulate and speed up the transit time in colon.

Alcohol:

  • Alcohol can stimulate the intestine and trigger diarrhea. Carbonated drinks like sodas, beers can irritate the digestive tract and cause gas. These are high in sugar or artificial sweeteners and can trigger the ulcerative colitis symptoms.

Foods containing Sulphur or sulfate

  • Foods containing Sulphur or sulfate should be avoided. These cause excess gas production. These include red meat, beer, wine, eggs, cheese, dates, dried apples, apricots, almonds, wheat pasta, breads, peanuts, cruciferous vegetables, raisins, prunes etc.

Sugar alcohols

  • Sugar alcohols like sorbitol and mannitol which are found in sugar free gums and candies, ice creams, in fruit juices. This should be avoided.  Even refined sugar should be refrained from. Fructose sugar like high fructose corn syrup, is also not properly absorbed by the body , thus causing gas and cramping.

Spicy Foods

  • Spicy foods , hot sauces, pickles and pepper are not advised for UC patients as they trigger diarrhea and other symptoms.

Creamy foods

  • Creamy foods like mayonnaise, sauce also trigger UC symptoms.

The Ulcerative Colitis patient always know which foods worsen a flare or trigger the symptoms for them .They need to avoid those specific foods from the diet. The right foods will provide key nutrients without aggravating the symptoms further.

Diet – Ulcerative Colitis, IBD, Crohn’s Disease

Avoid (सेवन करें)

Milk

दूध

Cheese

पनीर

Tea

चाय

Buttermilk

लस्सी

Butter

मक्खन

Lemon

निम्बू

Lime

मौसम्मी

Orange

संतरा

All Citrus Fruits

खट्टे फल

Tomato

टमाटर

Pineapple

अनानास

Peas

मटर

Beans

फलियां

Cauliflower

फूलगोभी

Watermelon

तरबूज

Muskmelon

खरबूजा

Cucumber

खीरा

Kidney Beans

राजमाह

Black eyes beans

लोबिया

Chick Peas

काबुली चना

Bengal Grams

चना दाल

Split Red Grams

अरहर दाल/ सांभर

Black grams

उडद दाल

Brinjal

बैंगन

Ladyfinger

भिन्डी

Taro Root

अरबी

Pearl Millet

ज्वार

Sorghum

Triphala

त्रिफला

Aloe Vera Juice

घृत कुमारी जूस

Psyllium Seed Husk

इसबगोल

Mango

आम

Dates

खजूर

Resins

दाख

Pickle

अचार

Sweets

मिठाइयां

Tamarind

ईमली

Spices Like Red Chili, Cloves, Black Peppers, Turmeric, Asafetida

मसाले जैसे लाल मिर्च, लौंग, काली मिर्च, हल्दी, हींग

Soft Drinks

कोल्ड ड्रिंक्स

Junk – Fast Foods (Pizza, Burger, Noodles, Chips, Etc.)

फास्ट फूड्स (पिज्जा, बर्गर, नूडल्स, चिप्स, आदि)

Biscuits

बिस्कुट

Savory Snacks

नमकीन

Packed Foods

पैक खाद्य पदार्थ

Almonds

बादाम

Cashewnuts

काजू

Walnuts

अखरोट

Pistachio

पिस्ता

Basil

तुलसी

Ginger

अदरक

Bell Peppers

शिमला मिर्च

Garlic

लहसुन

Guggul/Resin

गुग्गुल

Alcohol

शराब

Non Veg

मासाहारी भोजन

 
Choose (मात्रानुसार  सेवन करें)

Curd

दहीं

Cow Ghee

गाय का घी

Coconut Water

नारियल पानी

Rice

चावल
Idly

इडली

Plain DOsa With Little Oil

डोसा

Uttpam – Non Spicy

उत्तपम – बिना मसालेदार

Gruel – Non Spicy

खिचड़ी

Banana

केला

Pomegranate Juice – 50 Ml Daily, Fresh

अनार का जूस (घर में निकला गया)

Apple

सेब (घर में निकला गया)

Pear

नाशपाती

Papaya – Moderation

पपीता

Tragacnth Gum

गूंद कतीरा

Green Lentils

मूंग दाल

Bottle Gourd

घीया

Ridge Gourd

तोरी

Ash Gourd

पेठा

Sponge Gourd

तोरी

Round Gourd

टिंडे

Turnip

शलगम

Potato

आलू

Radish

मूली (अगर सूट करे तो)

Carrot

गाजर

Fenugreek Leaves

मेथी

Mustard Leaves

सरसों का साग

Rose Petals Juice – 1 Tsp. 2-3 Times

गुलाब की पत्तियों का जूस – 1 चम्मच 2-3 बार

Marigold Flower Juice – 1tsp. 2-3 Times

गेंदे के फूल का जूस – 1 चम्मच 2-3 बार

Coriander Leaves Juice – 1 Tsp. 2-3 Times

धनिये के पत्ते का जूस – 1 चम्मच 2-3 बार

Corn flour bread

मक्की की रोटी

पथ्यsसति गर्दात्स्य किं निषेवणम :

अर्थात यदि परहेज़ ही कर लिया जाए तो औषध सेवन की क्या आवशयकता है | और यदि परहेज़ ही किया जाए तो भी औषध सेवन की क्या आवशयकता है?

Dr. Vikram Chauhan (MD-Ayurvedic Medicine) is an expert Ayurveda consultant in Chandigarh (India). He has vast experience of herbs and their applied uses. He has successfully treated numerous patients suffering from various ailments, throughout the world. He is CEO and Founder of Krishna Herbal Company and Planet Ayurveda in Chandigarh, India. WEBSITE - WWW.PLANETAYURVEDA.COM

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